Buffing and polishing rouges and compounds - definitions
To add confusion to the variety, some buffing and polishing compounds are
described by different suppliers differently and many different brands are
identical for all practical purposes.
To this day I have not found a source for the dark green chrome/diamond supper fast cutting compound which was around in sixties in the aircraft industry. It came in bars and 45 gal drums and went on a felt wheels pretty sticky, staying melted on your knife as you worked. This one could whisk away the scratches from 100 grit to a mirror finish on metals in no time flat, no other rouges were required or around. This was the production stuff - hard to imagine polishing 747 one grit at the time. :)
The compounds are separated into Greaseless and Grease base
Greaseless are available in three types. Solid, Sausage-like, wrapped in
plastic tubes, Brush on Paste, or glue on abrasive grit - powder, in
containers. Greaseless compounds work well on all muslin and felt
SOLID COMPOUND Glue based - usually come in plastic 2lb tubes. Builds up a good head and remains on the wheel. The Aluminum Oxide grit is uniform in size, cutting clean and sharp. Available in grits from 80 - 300. To apply the the face of the wheel, simply turn on your buffing machine and hold the compound to the wheel. The friction of the wheel will melt the compound to the wheel. Overloading will just fling the compound off. Ready to use after a few seconds.
Keep tightly sealed, refrigerate if possible. Shelf life = 6 month.
PASTE BRUSH ON COMPOUND
cuts sharper and faster than the regular stuff in plastic tubes, also lasts longer ( 3 to 4 hrs without having to re-apply).
Easy to use, less loading of wheels will save time. Absolutely no fling off with this product when properly used. Apply to the face of the wheel smoothly and evenly with a small soft brush or your fingers, rub it in the nap of a new wheel. Allow to dry overnight, if possible.
The compound dries hard so you might want to break it up some and remove the loose grit by holding an old file up against the running wheel. Now ready to use.
Available grits from 150 - 800. Shelf life - 6 to 8 month, 10 oz containers.
WATER BASED LIQUID METAL POLISH COMPOUNDS
water based products that washes clean with water. Used from final polish preparation to a final high gloss luster finish.
Can be used by hand or wheel. Comes in 8, 16 ounce jars, 360 grams.
ALUMINUM OXIDE POWDER
The same powder used in brush on compound, applied by first coating the wheel surface in glue than rolling the powder on.
Used mostly on felt or paper wheels. Available in 150 to 800 grits, 6 oz containers.
TAKING CARE OF YOUR GREASELESS COMPOUND
Greaseless solid compounds come in the plastic casing which you have to cut open to use the compound. Immediately after use, reseal in the Zip-lock bag and remove as much air as possible. Make sure they remain sealed to prevent drying. Store in the cool place, refrigerator is the best, especially in the summer.
The brush on type is supplied in the re closable plastic jar. Keep the lid tightly sealed when not in use. Store in the cool place. They are water soluble and you may add a few drops of water if they begin to dry out. Do not add TOO MUCH water, as this can destroy the compounds.
Click on the bullets to get supplier information
Greaseless, cleans up easily with little or no
residue and provides high luster finish on all types of precious and
Special formulation removes light scratches and produces a fast, mirror-bright final finish without discoloration. 1 lb or 1/4 lb paper cylinders.
Black - 555 POLISH-O-RAY
Coarse coloring polish for aluminum
after final sending steps. Follow with Gray-555 on steel, skip to White 555 on
aluminum. 3lb paper tubes.
Heavy cut LEA - GRADE EC6418 . 3 lb bars
Is a grease based black cutting bar for steel. 3 lb bars.
Gives rich dark coloring on white gold, silver and platinum. 1/4 lb bars.
Is perfect for brass and copper. 2 lb bars.
Excellent mirror finishing bar for brass, copper, silver and gold. Completely free of grit or other coarse matter.
emulsifiable in hot water. Polishes steel without surface removal - ideal on honing strops for chisels, knives etc. 1-1/2 lb bars.
Is the finest composition available for producing the final wondrous color and luster on gold and silver. 1 lb
Can remove the cloudiness from the final blade polishing and will add some luster. It can improve the luster of the
handle materials and not add color from the rouge as will the GC. This is a very dry compound. Good for stainless, nickel silver and brass. Use on sewn or loose buff. 3 lb cylinder.
Is a grease based bar that lightly cuts brass,
copper, aluminum, plastics and other similar materials. Brown is standard,
fast cutting, used when rouge is used for final finish.
Follow with Red Rouge or 555 White. 3 lb bars, 1-1/2 lb bars
220 grit Aluminum Oxide. Fastest cutting rouge for stainless steel.
Works best for removing sanding marks after final shaping operation.
Works well on sisal and sewn muslin buffs. 3lb bars.
Our second fastest stainless cutting compound. It is used for removing tool marks and scratches left from
belt grinding operations. 3 lb bars.
Medium cut LEA - GRADE 448. 3 lb bars.
An Aluminum Oxide stainless steel
cutting bar. this is the most aggressive compound we have found. Recommended
for use with sisal wheels for scratch, tool marks and rust removal. 3 lb
Light cut LEA - GRADE 316. 3 lb bars.
Heavy cut 41HC 2.75 lb bars.
Excellent steel cutting compound. It is used to cut out scratches and imperfections in all steel and ferrous metals. Since it is a cut it will leave leave the metal very smooth and ready for plating or color buffing, but it's finish will be dull, not bright in appearance. It runs clean when compared to other greasy steel cut bars. Clean running allows the polisher to see the work better.
Although extremely fine, it is coarser than 555® White.
It removes 500 grit scratches while leaving slight marks which clean up with
555®White. 3 lb paper tubes.
For absolutely most gorges finish you've ever seen, follow 555®Gray with this. Often used to buff
plated surfaces, it takes out the slight marks left by Gray while leaving a
mirror finish. does a nice job on aluminum too. 3 lb paper tubes.
600 grit non coloring chrome rouge
containing Aluminum Oxide.
An excellent rouge for bringing stainless steel, brass, nickel-silver, horn, laminates, some plastics and sealed wood to a bright shine. Will remove fine scratches. 3 lb bars.
1200-1400 grit non coloring,
extremely light cutting Alumina abrasive
rouge. A dry and clean composition that will produce terrific shine on handle
material after using the CR rouge.
800 polishing capability chrome rouge
(alumina oxide) without the green coloring that invades the ivory, horn and
bone and gives them the green tint that is hard to remove.
2-3/4 lb bars.
1000 grit finest available grade of
alumina with very clean coloring agent. It polishes, but does little or no
cutting on steel. 3 lb round tubes
The best choice for that final high shine on
wood, bone, ivory, stag and most other handle materials. Or - It is a finer
abrasive that leaves some degree of finish. 1-3/4 lb and 2-1/4 lb bars.
Most often used on plastic, glass, fiberglass and carbon steel. 2 lb bars and 6 oz bars.
Produces a mirror finish on plastic, glass, fiberglass and carbon steel. All purpose mild cut. For production work use 555® Polish-O-Ray. 1 lb 2 lb or 6 oz bars.
High polish - fine - GRADE 339E. 3 lb bars.
This polish is an excellent choice for use on handle materials where you do not want your handle picking up the "green
tint" common with most Aluminum Oxides. This has excellent cutting ability. We suggest you follow it with White Diamond for a high shine. 3 lb
High polish - fine - GRADE 312. 3 lb bars.
600-800 grit pure chrome oxide recommended only for final finish to buff away the cloudiness that is
characteristic of stainless steel polished by Aluminum Oxide. It is the final touch, 1-1/2 lb bars.
The best compound we have ever used for stainless steel. If you do not agree, K&G will refund your money if you return at least 50%
of the bar. 3 lb bars.
700 grit - a green chrome rouge for removing very fine scratches and will produce a mirror like finish while removing the cloudiness sometimes left by the Aluminum Oxide rouges. Excellent on metals. Wrapped in 2-3/4 lb paper cylinders.
Very fine grade of alumina. Produces a mirror finish on chrome and stainless. 3lb bars.
Light green - for stainless and hardened steel, platinum, jewelry, watch cases, chrome plate. 1 lb bars.
Brings any metal to a high shine without scratching.
1 lb or 4 oz bars.
Most often used on stainless steel. 2lb bars.
No info on this one. Comes in 1 lb bars.
GRADE FG8. 3 lb bars.
Works well on heat treated steel, as well as nickel, brass, 416SS and handles. A very good all around compound. We suggest
using pink no scratch as a final polish after this compound. No product weight given
2-1/2lb bar. - This is one of the best high luster coloring bar compounds on the market.
It works well on all metals and plastics. It leaves the part very shiny and is very clean working.
GRADE 308. 3 lb bars
1200 grit high percent green chrome rouge that does some cutting and polishing. Is very sticky going on the wheel
and than drying as is used.
Excellent when applied to a cork or crocus belt as a final finish. 3.5 lb bars.
G rease base give a fast cut and color on steel. Alumina abrasive and tallow base loads easily and lasts longer without streaking or burning.
Fine Sisal Wheel Polish - A dry grade that cuts and colors quickly and leaves only fine lines ready for final polishing or bluing. Approximately a #240 Polish-O-Ray finish.
Medium Sisal Wheel Polish - Faster cutting, great for buffing down and coloring out in one operation.
Coarse Sisal Wheel Polish - the very best choice for removing scratches and tool marks without excessive polishing.
Is for blending the fine lines left after using the greaseless compounds or the color & cut bars. Use on sewed muslin or soft felt wheel to erase any marks.
Follow with the green and than with white rouge for a perfectly flawless finish. No weight given.
Work best when applied to a sisal wheel. After polishing with the greaseless compound, it will simply whisk away the polish and light marks leaving a smooth scratch free surface.
Medium & Fine. 3 lb bars.
For cutting or abrasive action. Leaves metal scratch free, but dull in appearance.
Bobbing compound is used on brushes or lap work as it adheres well to these surfaces. 1-1/8 lb bars.
For cutting or abrasive action. leaves metal scratch free but dull in appearance.
Used for fast cutting on iron and steel. 2-1/4 lb bars.
Formulated specially for silver, but you can polish any metal to a beautiful brilliant shine without residue. Make your
brass, stainless, silver or gold gleam. Stag and stone material will sparkle. Will not scratch even soft materials and leaves a protective coat to help prevent tarnishing. 1 lb or 1/4 lb paper cylinders.
Easy wipe on - wipe off polish, cleans and shines brass, silver, gold, aluminum, chrome, glass, even Plexiglas and plastics will
shine in seconds. Imported from Germany, money back guaranteed. 50 gram tubes (1.76 oz), 8.82 oz can
This is the best of the best. Absolutely non abrasive polish for all metals, fiberglass and most hard plastics.Removes
corrosion, tarnish and discoloration.Leaves a protective film that inhibits further rust, corrosion etc. Contains no acid. 50gram tube, 150 gram and 1000
gram (2.2 lb).
Flitz Liquid Metal Polish
Easier to apply than the paste polish. Contains no acids. 100 ml, 250 ml and 700 ml.
Premium Polishing Paste is a formulation of Aluminum Oxide that is perfect for cleaning and polishing any metal surface. Just a
small amount on a dry cloth will clean virtually any particle off the surface being polished. Rapid buffing will then produce a brilliant shine.
It can be used for polishing stainless and carbon steels, brass, gold, silver, chrome, copper and many other hard surfaces. 50 gram tubes.
Diamond crystals are the sharpest, hardest material known. For grinding, lapping and polishing, developing a highly refined micro finish. Comes in handy 2 gram syringes.